Hormone therapy can be used to control endometriosis. Estrogen, a female hormone, is known to fuel endometriosis symptoms. Some endometriosis investigation suggests that estrogen is not the only problem. Endometriosis could be due to a malfunctioning immune system, according to some theories.
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Most women experience retrograde periods. Retrograde menstruation is when endometrial tissues move backward in the abdomen through the fallopian tubes. This is even though endometriosis affects less than 10% of women who have ever had their periods. Many researchers believe that endometriosis can be caused by a defective immune system. This allows for endometriosis outside of the uterus after retrograde menstruation.
Endometriosis may be caused by a dysfunctional immune system. This is because the immune system fails in its ability to detect and remove endometrial tissue outside of the uterus.
Researchers don't know why. Many believe endometriosis is caused by a deficiency in natural killer (NK) cells. These cells are responsible for detecting foreign invaders and are often missing from women.
Many of these disorders are caused by unknown causes, which may be related to the immune system's malfunction. They are also often genetic, which is interesting, just like endometriosis.
Researchers also discovered that endometriosis is more likely to develop autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus, rheumatoid, and Multiple Sclerosis.
Scientific and medical research continues to investigate the connection between endometriosis and faulty immune systems. The true nature of this disorder will only be revealed over time.